Learn about six common sports injuries.

“Engaging in sports offers numerous benefits for both your physical and mental well-being. However, neglecting warm-ups or mishandling sports equipment can lead to physical injuries. Mr. Lim Hun Teck, Principal Physiotherapist at Raffles Rehabilitation Centre, emphasizes the importance of gradually increasing exercise intensity to prevent injuries.

Even seasoned athletes are susceptible to sports injuries. Recognizing and understanding common sports injuries is crucial for prevention. This article explores injuries like sprains, strains, knee injuries, Achilles tendon injuries, fractures, and joint dislocations.

Sprains and strains differ in that sprains involve ligament tears, connecting bones. Ankle, knee, and wrist sprains are common, causing tenderness, bruising, swelling, and joint looseness. Strains, on the other hand, result from muscle or tendon tears due to overstretching, causing pain, muscle spasms, and strength loss.

Knee injuries are prevalent due to the knee’s role in bearing the body’s weight during activities. Various injuries can affect the knee, from runner’s knee to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears, primarily from sudden stops and direction changes in sports like basketball and soccer. Dr. Lim Yeow Wai, an Orthopaedic Specialist, highlights the importance of treating knee injuries promptly.

Achilles tendon injuries, commonly cases of tendonitis, are painful and swollen. Overuse, misalignment, improper footwear, medication side effects, and accidents contribute to these injuries, often seen in middle-aged “weekend warriors.”

Fractures can be acute or stress-related, with acute fractures requiring immediate attention, especially when open wounds are involved. Stress fractures result from repeated stress on bones, occurring in sports like sprints and gymnastics.

Joints dislocate when bone ends are forced out of place, potentially damaging ligaments, nerves, and blood vessels. High-impact sports like basketball and football pose a higher risk, but even low-impact activities like yoga and gymnastics can cause dislocations if performed incorrectly.

Unlike bone fractures, dislocated joints can be swiftly treated by realigning bones, but neglecting treatment may result in permanent damage.”




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